Readers ask: How Are Japanese Rice Workers Treated?

How Japan protect their rice industry?

Japan’s strategy to protect the flooding of its rice market is to offer compensation to those who own land and agree to grow other commodities. Intercropping is common: such crops are alternated with beans and peas.

How did Rice affect Japanese culture?

Rice is so important in Japanese society that it has been called the essence of the culture. Historically, wet rice cultivation was a labor-intensive task that could not be accomplished easily. As a result, families pooled their labor. More importantly, they also shared their water resources and irrigation facilities.

Why is Japan good for growing rice?

Since Japan’s mild and humid climate is good for growing this crop, it spread to the rest of Kyushu and to the other islands. Rice was also used to pay taxes in Japan for many centuries, until a little over a hundred years ago. Rice is originally a tropical plant, and it doesn’t grow well when the summer is too cool.

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How do they harvest rice in Japan?

There are two ways to harvest the Japanese rice, traditionally by hand or by using a machine. Some paddies are too small for the machine, so they are always harvested by hand using a sickle. Before you cut the rice, the water has to be removed from the grains so the rice can dry more quickly.

Is Japan self sufficient in rice?

Even in rice, the most symbolically significant item of food self – sufficiency, Japan has become a bit less self – sufficient. A very bad harvest in 1993 forced Japan to import rice on a large scale for the first time.

Can Japan feed itself?

Japan is in fact one of the few countries worldwide that use calorie-based food self-sufficiency as a yardstick in gauging how much domestic output covers the nation’s food consumption.

Why is rice so expensive in Japan?

“The balance between supply and demand has loosened because Middle Eastern and other countries have reduced buying due to high prices,” a major Japanese rice wholesaler said. Meanwhile, Japanese rice has become more expensive, since more rice farms grew it for use as animal feed last year.

How rice is eaten in Japan?

Ordinary Japanese rice, or uruchimai (粳米), is the staple of the Japanese diet and consists of short translucent grains. When cooked, it has a sticky texture such that it can easily be picked up and eaten with chopsticks. Outside Japan it is sometimes labeled sushi rice, as this is one of its common uses.

How is Rice a symbol of Japan?

Historically, rice was also used as currency in trading, as payment for samurais, and the wealth of a lord or family was often represented by how much rice they had. Japanese culture is closely linked to nature which is also how rice fits into defining the morals and structure of society, family, and community.

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What percent of Japan food is imported?

Based on total calories consumed, Japan imports about 60 percent of its food each year. Japan is the fourth-largest market for U.S. agriculture, accounting for $12.1 billion in U.S. exports in 2013. The United States is the leading agricultural supplier to Japan.

What type of rice is grown in Japan?

Koshihikari, a Japanese short-grain rice cultivar, was developed in 1956, more than 60 years ago. Despite its age, it has been the most widely grown cultivar in Japan for more than 35 years, making it the most important rice for the Japanese people.

What were Japanese peasants called?

Between the 12th and 19th centuries, feudal Japan had an elaborate four-tiered class system. Unlike European feudal society, in which the peasants (or serfs) were at the bottom, the Japanese feudal class structure placed merchants on the lowest rung.

When is Japanese rice harvested?

Rice planting happens in the spring, cultivation in the summer, and harvest in the fall. The Japanese style of rice -growing adjusts its repertoire of operations according to the flux of the seasons. Because Japan has an abundant amount of rain, most rice is grown through the process of wet cultivation.

How much do rice farmers make in Japan?

There are 1.63 million farmers in Japan who sell their produce, and 80 percent are part-timers. The average income of farmers who grow only rice was ¥4.41 million in 2010, and about 90 percent of that income is from non-agricultural sources, including pensions.

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How is hand rice harvested?

To harvest rice, farmers drain, cut and dry. The first step of harvesting is draining the paddy. Next, farmers cut the plants — with a scythe or sickle if by hand — and transport them elsewhere to be laid out and dried for two or three days.

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